|Frequently Asked Questions||Minimum Wages as per law|
|Is there a separate legislation relating to minimum wages in Zimbabwe?
||The minimum wages in Zimbabwe is governed by the
Labour Relations (Specification of Minimum wages
(Amendment) Notice,S.I.307 of 2001. Sections 20 and
17(3) of the Labour Act empower Minister to gazette
|Do one or more minimum wages exist that is/are determined by law?
||Minimum wage notices have been issued in respect of
industries not covered by Employment councils and it
has been issued in respect of different industries as well.
|At what level is minimum wages determined?
||As per law, different employment councils negotiate
minimum wage rates for their sectors. However in reality,
the rates are set according to grades with different rates
for different rates
|On what basis is minimum wage calculated?
||Minimum Wage is calculated on monthly basis.
|In case of weekly/monthly minimum age, are they based on any fixed number of hours?
||The maximum legal workweek is 54 hours and the law
prescribes a minimum of one 24-hour rest period per
week. Working conditions are regulated by the
Government on an industry-specific basis
|Who all are involved in setting minimum wages in Zimbabwe?
||According to the section 20(1), minimum wage notice is
issued by the Minister specifying: a) the minimum wage
and benefits in respect of such class of employees and
also require employers to grant or negotiate increments on annual income of such minimum amount or percentage as
he may specify; b)regulate or prohibit the making of
deductions from the wages and benefits of an employee to whom such notice relates; c)regulate or prohibit the
withdrawal, reduction or alteration of any benefits to which
an employee to whom such notice relates was entitled in
respect of his employment immediately before the date of
commencement of such notice; d) provision as he may deem necessary or desirable to ensure the payment of a
minimum or other specified wage or benefits to any class of employees
|How are upratings (adjustments) of minimum wages decided upon?
||Upratings of minimum wages is decided unilaterally by the
|Which are the components of minimum wage?
||Minimum Wage consists of both fixed and variable
|What is the percentage of minimum wage relative to the current poverty line?
||Zimbabwe's Poverty Datum Line increased by 8 percent,
that is from US$433 in 2009 for a family of five to US$467
|How is minimum wages compliance regulated?
||Compliance of minimum wage is regulated by the Trade
union (as per section 27), work councils (as per section
25(A) and work committees. All three are controlled
under the power of minister (as per section 21 of Labour Act)
|Which legal sanctions can be applied if compliance is lacking?
||According to the section 22(3) a the person who
contravenes a notice issued by the minister shall be
1) liable to pay a fine not exceeding level seven 2) imprisonment for a period not exceeding two
years and/or 3) both such fine and such imprisonment
|Are employer and/or trade union representatives involved in compliance procedures?
||As per a provision under the Labour Act, Trade Union representatives are involved in compliance procedures
|To whom/where can individuals complain, if they think they are earning less than minimum wages?
||In case individuals feel they are earning less than
minimum wages, they can complain to the Ministry of Labour Officials.