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Malta: In accordance with article 35 of the Constitution, no person may be required to perform forced labour. However, forced labour does not include any labour required in consequence of the sentence or order of a court; labour required of any person while he is lawfully detained by sentence or order of a court that is reasonably necessary in the interests of hygiene or for the maintenance of the place at which he is detained or if he is detained for the purpose of his care, treatment, education or welfare; any labour required of a member of a disciplined force in pursuance of his duties; any labour required during a period of public emergency or in the event of any other emergency or calamity that threatens the life or well-being of the community. A person who, by using physical violence or threats or deceit or by otherwise depriving of a possibility of resistance or by taking advantage of a person’s dependence/vulnerability trafficks a person for the purpose of exploiting the person in servitude or forced labour, slavery or practices similar to slavery or productions of goods or provisions of services or activities associated with begging and any other unlawful activities is, on conviction, liable to punishment of imprisonment from four to twelve years. Sources: §35 of the Constitution of Malta 1964, last amended in 2014; §248-A of the Criminal Code (CAP. 9)

Malta: Minimum age for employment is 16 years and child is defined as " any young person, of either sex, who is under sixteen years of age, or any other age which may from time to time be established as the school leaving age by virtue of the Education Act". A child under 16 years of age may not be employed unless special permission has been granted in terms of the provisions of Education Act. Such permission/authorization may be granted for engagement in cultural, artistic, sports or advertising activities. This permission is granted subject to two conditions: employer carries out a risk assessment in terms of the General Provisions for Health and Safety at Workplaces Regulations which shows that the activity is not harmful to the safety, health or development of the child; and the Director of Education has no objection on engagement of the child in such activities on the ground that such is not likely to have an adverse effect on the child's attendance at school. The working hours of children (14-16 years) who perform work under a combined work and training scheme or an in-plant work-experience scheme are eight hours a day and 40 hours a week. If the light work is performed during school term outside the fixed school hours, the working hours are two hours a school day and 12 hours a week for workers aged 14-16 years. If the light work is performed during school vacations, the working hours are seven hours a day and 35 hours a week for workers aged 14-15 and eight hours a day and 40 hours a week for workers aged 15-16 years. Night work between 20:00 to 06:00 is prohibited for children. Children must be allowed a daily rest period of 14 consecutive hours and minimum weekly rest period of two consecutive days in a week, one of which must be Sunday. Sources: Young Persons (Employment) Regulations (S.L.452.92); Protection of Maternity at Work Places Regulations (S.L.424.11) last amended by 195 of 2015
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